Minecraft Villager Trading Guide

Everything you need to know about trading with villagers, all in one place.
A zoomed-out view of a village in Minecraft.

Key Takeaway

Trading with Villagers can help you get rare items much easier. To trade with Villagers, you'll need lots of Emeralds. Thankfully, you can also get Emeralds from Villagers as well. Use this cycle of commerce to rake in the biggest profits and best goods.

Villager trading is the best way to get certain items. From much-needed natural resources to nearly unobtainable Enchanted Books, you’ll definitely want to head into a Village for some Minecraft commerce. Just be sure to bring lots of Emeralds!

Table Of Contents

    How Villager Trading Works

    Villager trading with the player. This Farmer Villager's inventory has Wheat ad Potatoes for sale.

    You can trade with every employed Villager for mostly different items. There are 13 types of employed Villagers. For the most part, Villagers accept Emeralds as payment for goods they carry. However, some Villagers may also buy items from you and give you Emeralds in return.

    Every Type of Villager and Their Job Block

    To turn an unemployed Villager into one with a profession, you’ll need to make them come into contact with a job block. There are different job blocks for each profession.

    • Armorer – Blast Furnace
    • Butcher – Smoker
    • Cartographer – Cartography Table
    • Cleric – Brewing Stand
    • Farmer – Composter
    • Fisherman – Barrel
    • Fletcher – Fletching Table
    • Leatherworker – Cauldron
    • Librarian – Lectern
    • Mason – Stonecutter
    • Shepherd – Loom
    • Toolsmith – Smithing Table
    • Weaponsmith – Grindstone

    It is also worth mentioning that there is a type of Villager called a Nitwit (they can be identified by their green clothes). You cannot trade with a Nitwit nor employ them, however, they still can claim a Bed. Put simply, they take up space and don’t benefit you, so you’re better off “disposing” of them to make room for more valuable Villagers.

    Villager Career Levels

    Every Villager will start out with their career level being Novice. As you trade more and more with individual Villagers, they will gain experience. When reaching specific thresholds of experience, Villagers gain a career level.

    Here’s a breakdown of how much experience Villagers need to gain career levels:

    • Novice – Beginning career level for all Villagers
    • Apprentice – reached when Novice Villagers gain 10 experience points total
    • Journeyman – reached when Apprentice Villagers gain 70 experience points total
    • Expert – reached when Journeyman Villagers gain 150 experience points total
    • Master – reached when Expert Villagers gain 250 experience points total

    When Villagers increase in career level, they get more trade options. Since it can take a lot of time and effort to level up a Villager, you’ll want to protect specific individuals. You can do so by enclosing them in a well-lit bunker of some kind.

    How Economics Affects Villager Trading Prices

    The prices of each trade option are not static. As you trade more with Villagers, prices for items may increase or decrease. There are three main reasons such fluctuations happen:

    1. Item Demand – When an item gets sold out, it will be more expensive when the Villager restocks their inventory
    2. The Hero of the Village Effect – After completing a raid and receiving this buff, all Villager trade prices will temporarily decrease
    3. Individual Reputation – Being nice to a Villager (curing them from being a Zombie Villager, trading with them, and healing them with splash potions) makes their prices better while being unkind to them (hitting them or killing other Villagers) does the opposite

    There is a limit to how much trade prices can shift. For each trade, the price can never go higher than a full stack or lower than a single item. For example, a trade that involves exchanging 10 Glass Panes for 1 Emerald will never go above 64 Glass Panes for 1 Emerald or below 1 Glass Pane for 1 Emerald.

    How to Breed Villagers

    Two Villagers standing near a bed inside a house.

    Unlike animal mobs, you cannot directly force Villagers to enter love mode by feeding them. However, their breeding potential is still based on food. When a Villages has a total of 12 foods in their inventory (their personal inventory, not their trading inventory), they will attempt to breed with another Villager who also has 12 foods in their inventory.

    If two such Villagers see each other, they will try to find some unclaimed Beds. If there are three Beds available (two for the breeding pair and one for the baby), the two well-fed Villagers will enter love mode and produce a Baby Villager.

    What Villagers Eat

    There are four kinds of items that count as food for Villagers: Bread, Potatoes, Carrots, and Beetroots. Each piece of Bread will count as four foods while the vegetables count as one food each. For this reason, Bread is the best food item for Villagers.

    When a Villager has too much food, they will throw excess food at other Villagers—who will pick up that food if they have the inventory space. Similarly, you can drop Bread and other foods for the Villagers. This is a great way to make sure all Villagers are always ready to breed.

    Just keep in mind that Villagers use up food when breeding, so you’ll have to give them more food afterward to get them to breed again. With that said, there do not seem to be any time-related cooldowns.

    How Long It Takes for Baby Villager to Grow Up

    It takes 20 minutes for a Baby Villager to grow into an adult. When they do, they will be unemployed. Until then, Baby Villagers will run around their home Village. To keep them safe, you may want to build walls around a Village to keep hostile mobs out.

    20 minutes is the time of one full day cycle (one day and one night). It should be mentioned that sleeping does not speed up time—it only allows you to skip time.

    Getting Closer to Villagers

    There are two main ways in which you can increase your trading efficiency based on the locations of a Village and your base. You can either spend lots of time in a nearby Village, or you can bring Villagers back to your base.

    Like most other mobs, Villagers can be pulled around on a Lead. The mechanics work the same as when using a Lead on animal mobs and hostile mobs. In this way, you can use a Lead to pull Villagers into their new homes somewhere on your property.

    All Villager Trading Offers

    Multiple types of Villagers in a Village.

    Every Villager will start off with Novice-level trade offers. Furthermore, as they increase in career level, they will gain two new trade offers per level. Which new trade offers they gain will be random.

    The following tables contain information about all potential trade offers. However, keep in mind that which trade offers your Villager possesses will depend on your playthrough. Furthermore, the exact prices will change depending on the specific economics of your playthrough as well.

    Armorer

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceCoal x 15Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 5Iron Helmet x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 9Iron Chestplate x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 7Iron Leggings x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 4Iron Boots x 11
    ApprenticeIron Ingot x 4Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 36Bell x 15
    ApprenticeEmerald x 3Chainmail Leggings x 15
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Chainmail Boots x 15
    JourneymanLava Bucket x 1Emerald x 120
    JourneymanDiamond x 1Emerald x 120 in the Java Edition (30 in the Bedrock Edition)
    JourneymanEmerald x 1Chainmail Helmet x 110
    JourneymanEmerald x 4Chainmail Chestplate x 110
    JourneymanEmerald x 5Shield x 110
    ExpertEmerald x 19-33Enchanted Diamond Leggings x 115
    ExpertEmerald x 13-27Enchanted Diamond Boots x 115
    MasterEmerald x 13-27Enchanted Diamond Helmet30
    MasterEmerald x 21-35Enchanted Diamond Chestplate30

    Butcher

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceRaw Chicken x 14Emerald x 12
    NoviceRaw Porkchop x 7Emerald x 12
    NoviceRaw Rabbit x 4Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Rabbit Stew x 11
    ApprenticeCoal x 15Emerald x 12 in the Java Edition (10 in the Bedrock Edition)
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Cooked Porkchop x 55
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Cooked Chicken x 85
    JourneymanRaw Mutton x 7Emerald x 120
    JourneymanRaw Beef x 10Emerald x 120
    ExpertDried Kelp Block x 10Emerald x 130
    MasterSweet Berries x 10Emerald x 130

    Cartographer

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NovicePaper x 24Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 7Empty Map x 11
    ApprenticeGlass Pane x 11Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 13Ocean Explorer Map x 15
    ApprenticeCompass x 1Ocean Explorer Map x 15
    JourneymanCompass x 1Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 14Woodland Explorer Map x 110
    JourneymanCompass x 1Woodland Explorer Map x 110
    ExpertEmerald x 7Item Frame x 115
    ExpertEmerald x 3Banner x 1 (any color)15
    MasterEmerald x 8Globe Banner Pattern x 130

    Cleric

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceRotten Flesh x 32Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Redstone Dust x 21
    ApprenticeGold Ingot x 1Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Lapis Lazuli x 15
    JourneymanRabbit's Foot x 2Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 4Glowstone x 110
    ExpertScute x 4Emerald x 130
    ExpertGlass Bottle x 9Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 5Ender Pearl x 115
    MasterNether Wart x 22Emerald x 130
    MasterEmerald x 3Bottle o' Enchanting x 130

    Farmer

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceWheat x 20Emerald x 12
    NovicePotato x 26Emerald x 12
    NoviceCarrot x 22Emerald x 12
    NoviceBeetroot x 15Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Bread x 61
    ApprenticePumpkin x 6Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Pumpkin Pie x 45
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Apple x 45
    JourneymanMelon x 4Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 3Cookie x 1810
    ExpertEmerald x 1Suspicious Stew x 1 (Night Vision)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Suspicious Stew x 1 (Jump Boost)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Suspicious Stew x 1 (Weakness)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Suspicious Stew x 1 (Blindness)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Suspicious Stew x 1 (Poison)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Suspicious Stew x 1 (Saturation)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Cake x 115
    MasterEmerald x 3Golden Carrot x 330
    MasterEmerald x 4Glistening Melon Slice x 330

    Fisherman

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceString x 20Emerald x 12
    NoviceCoal x 10Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Cooked Cod x 61
    NoviceCod x 6Cooked Cod x 61
    NoviceEmerald x 3Bucket of Cod x 11
    ApprenticeRaw Cod x 15Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Cooked Salmon x 65
    ApprenticeRaw Salmon x 6Cooked Salmon x 65
    ApprenticeEmerald x 2Campfire x 15
    JourneymanRaw Salmon x 13Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 8-22Enchanted Fishing Rod x 110
    ExpertTropical Fish x 6Emerald x 130
    MasterPufferfish x 4Emerald x 130
    MasterBoat x 1Emerald x 130

    Fletcher

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceStick x 32Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Arrow x 162
    NoviceEmerald x 1Flint x 101
    NoviceGravel x 10Flint x 101
    ApprenticeFlint x 26Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 2Bow x 15
    JourneymanString x 14Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 3Crossbow x 110
    ExpertFeather x 24Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 7-21Enchanted Bow x 115
    MasterTripwire Hook x 8Emerald x 130
    MasterEmerald x 8-22Enchanted Crossbow x 115
    MasterEmerald x 2Tipped Arrow x 1 (any kind)30
    MasterArrow x 5Tipped Arrow x 1 (any kind)30

    Leatherworker

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceLeather x 6Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 3Leather Pants x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 7Leather Tunic x 11
    ApprenticeFlint x 26Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 5Leather Cap x 15
    ApprenticeEmerald x 4Leather Boots x 15
    JourneymanRabbit Hide x 9Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 7Dyed Leather Tunic x 1 (random color)10
    ExpertScute x 4Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 6Dyed Leather Horse Armor x 1 (random color)15
    MasterEmerald x 6Saddle x 130
    MasterEmerald x 5Dyed Leather Cap x 1 (random color)30

    Librarian

    Note that the Enchanted Books that Librarians sell will have enchantments based on the price. The higher the cost: the higher level the enchantment will be.

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NovicePaper x 24Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 5-64Enchanted Book x 11
    NoviceBook x 1Enchanted Book x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 9Bookshelf x 11
    ApprenticeBook x 4Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 5-64Enchanted Book x 15
    ApprenticeBook x 1Enchanted Book x 15
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Lantern x 15
    JourneymanInk Sac x 5Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 5-64Enchanted Book x 110
    JourneymanBook x 1Enchanted Book x 110
    JourneymanEmerald x 1Glass x 410
    ExpertBook and Quill x 1Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 5-64Enchanted Book x 115
    ExpertBook x 1Enchanted Book x 115
    ExpertEmerald x 5Clock x 115
    ExpertEmerald x 4Compass x 115
    MasterEmerald x 20Name Tag x 130

    Mason

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceClay Ball x 10Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Brick x 101
    ApprenticeStone x 20Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Chiseled Stone Bricks x 45
    JourneymanGranite x 16Emerald x 120
    JourneymanAndesite x 16Emerald x 120
    JourneymanDiorite x 16Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 1Polished Granite x 410
    JourneymanEmerald x 1Polished Andesite x 410
    JourneymanEmerald x 1Polished Diorite x 410
    JourneymanEmerald x 1Dripstone Block x 410
    ExpertNether Quartz x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 1Colored Terracotta x 1 (any color)15
    ExpertEmerald x 1Glazed Terracotta x 1 (any color)15
    MasterEmerald x 1Quartz Pillar x 130
    MasterEmerald x 1Block of Quartz x 130

    Shepherd

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceWhite Wool x 18Emerald x 12
    NoviceGray Wool x 18Emerald x 12
    NoviceBlack Wool x 18Emerald x 12
    NoviceBrown Wool x 18Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 2Shears x 11
    ApprenticeWhite Dye x 12Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeGray Dye x 12Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeBlack Dye x 12Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeLight Blue Dye x 12Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeLime Dye x 12Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Wool x 1 (any color)5
    ApprenticeEmerald x 1Carpet x 4 (any color)5
    JourneymanLight Gray Dye x 12Emerald x 120
    JourneymanYellow Dye x 12Emerald x 120
    JourneymanOrange Dye x 12Emerald x 120
    JourneymanRed Dye x 12Emerald x 120
    JourneymanPink Dye x 12Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 3Bed x 1 (any color)10
    ExpertGreen Dye x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertCyan Dye x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertBlue Dye x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertMagenta Dye x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertPurple Dye x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertBrown Dye x 12Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 3Blank Banner x 1 (any color)15
    MasterEmerald x 2Painting x 330

    Toolsmith

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceCoal x 15Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 1Stone Pickaxe x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 1Stone Axe x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 1Stone Shovel x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 1Stone Hoe x 11
    ApprenticeIron Ingot x 4Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 36Bell x 15
    JourneymanFlint x 30Emerald x 120
    JourneymanEmerald x 6-20Enchanted Iron Pickaxe x 110
    JourneymanEmerald x 7-21Enchanted Iron Axe x 110
    JourneymanEmerald x 8-22Enchanted Iron Shovel x 110
    JourneymanEmerald x 4Diamond Hoe x 110
    ExpertDiamond x 1Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 17-31Enchanted Diamond Axe x 115
    ExpertEmerald x 10-24Enchanted Diamond Shovel x 115
    MasterEmerald x 18-32Enchanted Diamond Pickaxe x 130

    Weaponsmith

    Career LevelItem DesiredItem SoldExperience Gained From Trade
    NoviceCoal x 15Emerald x 12
    NoviceEmerald x 3Iron Axe x 11
    NoviceEmerald x 7-21Enchanted Iron Sword x 11 in the Java Edition (5 in the Bedrock Edition)
    ApprenticeIron Ingot x 4Emerald x 110
    ApprenticeEmerald x 36Bell x 15 in the Java Edition (10 in the Bedrock Edition)
    JourneymanFlint x 24Emerald x 120
    ExpertDiamond x 1Emerald x 130
    ExpertEmerald x 17-31Enchanted Diamond Axe x 115
    MasterEmerald x 13-27Enchanted Diamond Sword x 130